SWITZERLAND AND SWEDEN RANKING 1ST AND 2ND IN 2021 WORLD COMPETITIVENESS REPORT BY IMD
The IMD World Competitiveness Yearbook (WCY), first published in 1989, is a comprehensive annual report and worldwide reference point on the competitiveness of countries. It provides benchmarking and trends, as well as statistics and survey data based on extensive research. It analyzes and ranks countries according to how they manage their competencies to achieve long-term value creation. An economy’s competitiveness cannot be reduced only to GDP and productivity because enterprises also have to cope with political, social and cultural dimensions. Governments therefore need to provide an environment characterized by efficient infrastructures, institutions and policies that encourage sustainable value creation by the enterprises.
In 2021 report, Europe displays regional strength in world competitiveness ranking while Singapore slips. Innovation, digitalisation, welfare benefits, and social cohesion are key to economic performance in the 2021 rankings, topped with Switzerland (1st), Sweden (2nd), Denmark (3rd), the Netherlands (4th), and Singapore (5th).